Biden issued an executive order on AI, instructing agencies to create safety guidelines. The executive order extends the White House’s prior non-binding agreements with AI companies.
President Joe Biden has signed an executive order to establish regulations for generative AI, pre-empting legislative action by lawmakers.
Biden Issues Executive Order on AI
The executive order outlines eight objectives: establishing fresh standards for AI safety and security, safeguarding privacy, promoting equity and civil rights, advocating for the interests of consumers, patients, and students, backing the workforce, encouraging innovation and competition, bolstering the United States’ leadership in AI technologies, and ensuring responsible and effective government utilization of the technology.
Multiple government agencies have been assigned the responsibility of crafting standards to prevent the misuse of AI in the creation of biological materials, establishing guidelines for content authentication, and constructing advanced cybersecurity programs.
The National Institute of Standards and Safety (NIST) will take charge of formulating standards for “red teaming” AI models before their public release, while the Department of Energy and the Department of Homeland Security are tasked with addressing the potential threats posed by AI to critical infrastructure and the risks associated with chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and cybersecurity domains. Developers of substantial AI models such as OpenAI’s GPT and Meta’s Llama 2 must share the results of safety tests.
The Biden administration would offer a briefing attributed to a senior official, as stated by the official.
We won’t publicly recall models that are already available,” stated the official. “Current models are still subject to existing anti-discrimination rules.
In order to safeguard users’ privacy, the White House has urged Congress to enact data privacy regulations. The executive order also seeks federal backing for the development of “privacy-preserving” techniques and technologies.
As part of the order, measures are outlined to prevent the use of AI for discriminatory purposes, including addressing algorithmic bias and ensuring fairness in the use of technology for sentencing, parole decisions, and surveillance. The order also instructs government agencies to provide guidance to landlords, Federal benefits programs, and contract holders on how to prevent AI from exacerbating discrimination.
Policies to Address Job Displacement and Foster AI Workforce Growth
Agencies are instructed to tackle job displacement and generate a report assessing AI’s impact on the labor market. The White House is also keen on promoting increased workforce participation in the AI field, and it has ordered the establishment of a National AI Research Resource to furnish vital information to students and AI researchers, as well as to provide technical assistance to small businesses. Furthermore, it directed the swift recruitment of AI professionals for government roles.
To lay the groundwork, the Biden administration initially introduced an AI Bill of Rights outlining a set of principles that AI model developers should adhere to. These principles were subsequently formalized through a series of agreements between the White House and various AI industry stakeholders, including Meta, Google, OpenAI, Nvidia, and Adobe.
An executive order is not a permanent law and typically remains in effect for the duration of Biden’s administration. Legislators are currently in discussions on how to establish AI regulations, with some politicians expressing their intent to enact AI-related laws before the year concludes.
Observers within the industry view the executive order as a positive stride toward implementing guidelines for generative AI.
Navrina Singh, the founder of Credo AI and a member of the National Artificial Intelligence Advisory Committee, emphasized that an executive order sends a robust signal that the United States is committed to addressing generative AI.
This is a prudent step for the present, recognizing that policies may not be flawless initially while legislative discussions are ongoing,” Singh commented. “I firmly believe that this underscores the government’s firm commitment to prioritizing AI.
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