Australian Work Visa – What is the Application Process for an Australian Work Visa?

Over time, Australia has become a dream destination for many immigrants who are seeking new opportunities. The country’s robust economy, political stability, and high standard of living have consistently attracted individuals from around the globe in search of a better life. That’s where the Australian work visa comes in.

Australian Work Visa
Australian Work Visa

In addition to economic and job opportunities, Australia’s emphasis on work-life balance and its commitment to environmental sustainability contributes to its attractiveness, the country has one of the best work-life balance in the world. As a skilled worker here, you are paid well and also allowed to take care of other aspects of your life.

To work in Australia, you need to secure a work visa, it is often the first step for individuals eager to make the move. If you are interested in getting an Australian work visa, below is all you need to know.

Types of Australian Work Visa

Australia offers a range of work visas catering to various professional backgrounds and skill levels. The primary categories include:

Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) Visa (Subclass 482)

  • This type of work visa is designed for skilled workers to fill labor shortages in Australia.
  • It requires sponsorship from an Australian employer.
  • It is also divided into Short-Term and Medium-Term streams based on the occupation’s skill level.
  1. Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) and Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190)
  • This is a points-based visa for skilled workers who are not sponsored by an employer.
  • Subclass 189 is for those invited to apply based on their skills, while Subclass 190 requires nomination by a state or territory government.

Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) Visa (Subclass 186)

  • Permanent residency option for skilled workers nominated by an Australian employer.
  • Involves a two-step process, including nomination by the employer and a subsequent visa application.

Working Holiday Visa (Subclass 417 and 462)

  • This visa is geared towards young individuals (18-30 years) from eligible countries – not all countries are eligible.
  • It allows you to work and travel in Australia for up to 12 months.

Student Visa (Subclass 500)

  • This is not necessarily a work visa but it also allows international students to work part-time while studying and full-time during scheduled breaks.

Eligibility Criteria for an Australian work visa

The eligibility criteria for Australian work visas vary depending on the specific visa subclass. Each visa subclass has its requirements but generally, they share some of the following requirements.

Keep in mind that these requirements can change over time so you should check the official Australian Department of Home Affairs website before starting your application.

Occupation and skills

Most work visas require applicants to have skills and qualifications relevant to an occupation listed on the skilled occupation lists. The level of skill required differs based on the visa subclass.

Employer sponsorship/nomination

Employer-sponsored visas, such as the Temporary Skill Shortage (TSS) Visa (Subclass 482) and the Employer Nomination Scheme (ENS) Visa (Subclass 186), require sponsorship or nomination by an approved Australian employer.

Expression of Interest (EOI)

For points-based visas, you need to submit an EOI through the SkillSelect system, indicating your interest in migrating.

Skills assessment

Most Australian work visas mandate a formal skills assessment to ensure that your qualifications match Australian standards. This is common for skilled independent visas like the Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189).

English language proficiency

Proficiency in English is often a key requirement. You can take an approved test like IELTS, TOEFL, or PTE Academic to meet this need.


Age limits apply to certain visas, especially those under the skilled migration category. Points are awarded based on age, with younger applicants often receiving more points.

Health and character requirements

As an applicant, you must undergo health examinations to ensure that you meet Australia’s health standards. Additionally, a police clearance certificate or similar document will be required to demonstrate good character.

Points test

Skilled migration visas, such as the Skilled Independent Visa (Subclass 189) and the Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190), involve a points-based system. The system awards points based on factors like age, qualifications, work experience, English proficiency, and more.

Employment experience

Australian work visas require a minimum number of years of relevant work experience in the nominated occupation. This is important for skilled migration visas.


You need to complete relevant qualifications recognized by Australian authorities. Diplomas or degrees are acceptable.

Regional nomination

For some visas, like the Skilled Regional (Provisional) Visa (Subclass 491), you need to be nominated by a regional area or state government.

Financial capacity

Some visas require you to present proof of financial capacity to support yourself during the initial period in Australia, especially temporary visas.

What is the Application Process for an Australian Work Visa?

  • Choose your visa: Identify the appropriate visa category based on your skills and intentions.
  • Skills assessment (if needed): Undergo a skills assessment by a relevant authority, particularly for skilled migration visas.
  • Expression of interest (EOI): Submit an EOI through SkillSelect for points-based visas.
  • Nomination/Sponsorship: Secure nomination from an Australian employer if applying for an employer-sponsored visa.
  • Apply: Complete the online application form, pay the fee, and submit the required documents.
  • Health examination: Undergo a health examination by an approved panel doctor.
  • Character assessment: Provide police clearance certificates to demonstrate good character.
  • English language proficiency: Take an English language proficiency test if required.
  • Visa decision: Await the processing of your application and respond to any requests for additional information.
  • Visa grant: Upon approval, receive the visa grant notification.
  • Travel to Australia: Plan your arrival within the visa validity period, adhering to any specified conditions.

Getting an Australian work visa gives you an opportunity for a better life, higher pay, and a better work-life balance, though the process is complex, it is worth the stress. If you are interested in migrating to Australia, consider the various visa types, pick the type that aligns with your qualifications and submit your application.



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