How to Write an Essay

Writing an essay is a fundamental skill that goes beyond academic boundaries and is relevant in the professional world.

How To Write an Essay
How To Write an Essay

It is a powerful tool for communication, allowing individuals to convey their thoughts, and pass messages, ideas, and arguments in a structured and coherent manner.

If you’re a student striving to excel in your coursework or a professional aiming to create persuasive reports, mastering the art of essay writing is needed.

This article aims to make the essay writing process easy for you and make it accessible to all who seek to improve their written communication skills. Writing an essay involves more than just putting words on paper; it’s a process that requires careful planning, research, organization, and effective expression of thoughts.

What is Essay Writing?

As we swim into the ocean of essay writing, it’s important to start by understanding what an essay is. So, what exactly is an essay? It’s a relatively short piece of writing centred around a specific subject or theme.

Essays are commonly assigned to students as part of their academic workload, whether they’re in school or university. These assignments are prevalent in educational institutions and serve as a valuable tool for honing various skills that are essential in life, such as analytical thinking, research abilities, creativity, and more.

Valuable Writing Tips

In this article, we will explore valuable writing tips from our experienced coursework writer to help you achieve an A-grade essay. Let’s begin at the beginning. To master the essay writing process, you should follow these steps:

  1. Choose the type of essay and its format.
  2. Brainstorm a suitable topic.
  3. Conduct thorough research.
  4. Develop a clear thesis statement.
  5. Create an organized essay outline.
  6. Write a draft and then the final essay.
  7. Review and edit for spelling and grammar errors.

Now, let’s delve into each of these steps to understand how to write an excellent essay in greater detail.

  1. Choose the type of essay and its format

To begin, you need to determine the type and format of the essay you are going to write. There are four primary essay categories:

  • Descriptive: This type of essay describes a specific topic or situation.
  • Persuasive: The goal of a persuasive essay is to convince the reader to adopt a particular point of view.
  • Informative: Informative essays provide information that the readers may not already know.
  • Explanatory: Explanatory essays clarify a particular process or situation, such as explaining how to bake a cake.

Most Common Types of Essays

  • 5-Paragraph Essay: This is a classic essay format with five paragraphs, suitable for persuasive, narrative, or expository essays.
  • Persuasive: This type aims to persuade the audience about a specific topic or idea.
  • Cause-and-effect: This essay presents a topic and follows up with an in-depth analysis of its consequences.
  • Compare-and-Contrast: This type requires a critical examination of the similarities and differences between two subjects.
  • Creative Writing: In creative writing, the author selects their topic and style to craft a captivating story.
  • Narrative: Like creative writing, narrative essays involve storytelling but follow specific formatting guidelines.
  • Expository: This type seeks to educate the reader about a particular topic or idea, excluding persuasive elements.
  • Process: These assignments explain “how” something is done, typically following a step-by-step structure.
  • Descriptive: This essay provides a comprehensive overview of a particular topic or subject, engaging all five senses.
  • Analytical: Analytical essays require a thorough analysis of a topic or idea, involving critical thinking and personal inferences.

Essay Format and Style Requirements

A standard essay comprises three main parts: an introduction, a body, and a conclusion. Flexibility is key, and the specifics of your academic paper and the given assignment should guide your writing and organization.

When it comes to common essay format requirements, there are some guidelines to follow. While single-spaced papers can be acceptable, it’s often better to double-space your document. Ensure that you use clear paragraph breaks. A single tab at the beginning of each paragraph is acceptable. Commonly used fonts include Times, Arial, Calibri, and Cambria.

The citation style you use often depends on your academic field. For example:

  • APA (American Psychological Association): Frequently used in Education, Psychology, and Sciences.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association): Commonly used for Humanities subjects.
  • Chicago/Turabian Style: Employed in Business, History, and Fine Arts disciplines.

The length of your essay can vary based on your academic level and the specific assignment. High school essays can range from 300 to 1000 words, while college admission essays are typically 200-650 words.

Undergraduate college essays can be around 1500-5000 words. Always pay attention to the specific requirements provided by your professor, which are typically included in your assignment instructions.

  1. Choosing a Topic

Now, let’s pick a topic. When you’re wondering, “What should I write about?” start by jotting down everything that comes to mind. Later, you can narrow down your options.

To make this process easier, you can use techniques like clustering or mind mapping to brainstorm and generate essay ideas. Brainstorming is valuable because it helps you explore your topics more deeply and identify connections between different aspects of your subject.

When deciding on a topic, consider these factors

  • Make sure you have access to all the materials you need before you start writing. If possible, choose a topic you’re already familiar with because it’s easier and more interesting to write about something you know well.
  • Define the Purpose: Are you trying to inform the audience about something interesting or persuade them to agree with your viewpoint? Even if your goal is simply to tell a story, be clear about the purpose of your writing. This ensures that your audience understands you and that you don’t waste time and effort.
  • Subject Depth: How deep do you plan to go into your topic? Should your discussion be broad or narrow? It’s best to find a balance. Avoid making it so deep that only you understand it or so broad that you can’t find enough information.
  • Define the Heading: Your essay’s title should be short, clear, and engaging. It should succinctly convey what your paper is about and capture the reader’s interest.

Common mistakes to avoid when choosing an essay topic

  • Don’t pick a boring topic just because it’s easy to write about. Writing about something dull will result in a lacklustre paper. Instead of a broad topic like “computer games,” consider narrowing it down to something specific, like “the impact of computer games on children.”
  • Avoid selecting overly complex or obscure topics just to seem smart. If a topic is too difficult, you may struggle to find sufficient information or convey it to your readers effectively.
  • Ensure your essay’s title matches the content and topic. A good title can make your paper stand out.
  • Make sure the title aligns with the specific assignment you’ve been given.
  1. Research: Getting Started with Your Essay

To write a good essay, research is key. Apart from library and online resources, you can interview subject experts, talk to people, watch interviews on platforms like YouTube, and explore social media. These methods can help you kickstart your essay effectively.

  1. Crafting a Thesis

Your thesis statement is a single sentence that summarizes what your essay is about. It’s the core idea that your entire paper will revolve around. Ensure it’s specific and based on what you’ll discuss in your essay. You’ll later support this thesis with evidence.

  1. Creating an Essay Outline

Think of the outline as the skeleton of your essay. It helps ensure that your essay is logical, well-organized, and flows smoothly. Outlines are like roadmaps, guiding you through the essay’s development.

Use it to list your ideas, main arguments, and supporting sources. Outlining your essay is crucial because it keeps your writing on track and helps you stay organized.

How to Make an Outline 

Let’s find out by viewing an outline example:


  1. Start with a hook to get the reader’s attention.
  2. Give some background info on the topic.
  3. State your main argument or thesis.

Body Paragraphs

  1. Begin each section with a clear topic sentence.
  2. Support your topic sentence with evidence or examples.
  3. Use transitions between sentences and paragraphs.
  4. End each section with a concluding sentence that ties everything together.


  1. Summarize your paper.
  2. Restate your thesis in a meaningful way.
  3. Remind the reader why your arguments matter.
  4. Finish with a final thought or statement.

Remember not to introduce new ideas in the conclusion.

6: Writing Your Essay

Now that you have your outline, it’s time to create your complete essay.

The First Rough Draft

Writing a rough draft is normal because no one writes a perfect essay on the first try. After you’ve written your rough draft, do the following:

  1. Check for clarity and remove any unnecessary parts.
  2. Look for grammar mistakes.
  3. Ensure your essay flows well by adding transitions between paragraphs if needed.
  4. Make sure your essay sticks to your chosen topic.
  5. Support your thesis with information in your paragraphs. Each paragraph should start with a clear topic sentence that tells the reader what it’s about.
  6. Ensure your essay reads smoothly with transition words to connect ideas.

Questions to Ask Before Submitting Your Essay

  1. Did you research the topic well?
  2. Is your thesis strong?
  3. Have you used the best examples to support your ideas?
  4. Did you successfully present your case in the first draft?
  5. Does the conclusion offer an interesting look into the future of the topic?

7: Checking for Spelling and Grammar

After writing, go back and proofread your work. Look for mistakes, typos, and technical errors. Check for proper grammar, punctuation, and spelling. Also, make sure your essay has smooth transitions between paragraphs to maintain a logical flow.


Essay writing is a valuable skill that anyone can develop with practice and guidance. This guide has provided you with a step-by-step approach to crafting effective essays in a clear and organized manner.

Remember, writing an essay is like putting together a well-structured meal: you have the appetizer (introduction), the main course (body paragraphs), and the dessert (conclusion), all carefully prepared and presented.

By understanding the essay prompt, conducting research, organizing your ideas, and following the principles of good writing, you can create essays that are engaging, persuasive, and well-informed.

As you embark on your essay-writing journey, keep in mind that improvement comes with time and effort. Even experienced writers constantly refine their skills.



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