How to Write Poems

Learning to write a poem can be a challenging endeavor. It’s a unique form of creative expression with both rigid guidelines and endless possibilities. However, despite the complexity, mastering the art of poetry can be incredibly rewarding. If you find this confusing, don’t worry.

How to Write Poems
How to Write Poems

We’re here to help you learn how to excel in this creative domain. Since poetry is deeply personal and individual, finding your style of writing can be a bit tricky.

Benefits of Learning How to Write a Poem 

Even if you don’t aspire to be a full-time poet or publish your poems, writing poetry has valuable benefits:

  1. Enhanced Imagery: Poetry relies heavily on creating vivid mental pictures. When you practice poetry, you’ll become better at painting detailed images with words, which will benefit your writing in other forms.
  2. Concise and Impactful Expression: Poetry demands brevity and impact. It uses dynamic verbs, powerful language, and only the necessary words. Learning how to write poetry can sharpen your prose, making your novel or other writing more precise and compelling.
  3. Emotional Connection: Poetry is a direct channel to emotions. Unlike other forms of writing, poetry often lays emotions bare. This connection with feelings can enrich your writing by infusing it with genuine, relatable sentiments.
  4. Professional Opportunities: Becoming a professional poet is a possibility, and you can earn a living from your craft. Even if you choose to write poetry for personal fulfillment can explore the potential to make a full-time income, such as applying for poetry scholarships to kickstart your journey.

So, whether you aim to develop your writing skills, connect with your emotions, or even pursue poetry professionally, there’s something to gain from exploring this beautiful and expressive art form.

Types of Poetry 

Poetry comes in various forms, each with its unique characteristics. Understanding the different types of poetry is essential when learning how to write a poem. Here are the main categories:

  1. Narrative Poetry: This type of poem tells a story. It typically involves characters, a plot, and a strong narrative structure. It’s like storytelling in poetic form.
  2. Lyrical Poetry: Lyrical poems are akin to songs. They focus on conveying a specific emotion, scene, or state of mind. Imagine your favorite song lyrics – they often resemble lyrical poems with the added dimension of music.

So, when you encounter poetry, you might recognize it as either a lyrical expression of feelings or a narrative storytelling in a poetic style. Each type serves its purpose in conveying ideas and emotions through the beauty of words.

How to Write Poems 

Writing poems involves several important elements to consider. Let’s break them down in simpler terms:

  1. Structure: When writing a poem, consider its structure. This means how the poem looks and sounds. Different types of poetry have specific requirements for rhyme, line length, and the number of lines or stanzas. Common poetry forms include:
  • Sonnet: A short, rhyming poem with 14 lines.
  • Haiku: A three-line poem with a 5-7-5 syllable structure.
  • Acrostic: A poem where the first letter of each line spells a word or conveys a hidden meaning.
  • Limerick: A witty five-line poem with a distinctive rhyme scheme.
  • Epic: A lengthy narrative poem celebrating heroic adventures.
  • Couplet: A poem or part of a poem with two rhyming lines.
  • Free Verse**: Unconstrained by rules, allowing the poet to create their structure.
  1. Punctuation: Punctuation in poetry can be different from regular writing. You have three options:
  • Grammatical Punctuation: Using proper punctuation according to grammar rules.
  • Stylistic Punctuation: Punctuating the poem to affect its reading pace.
  • A Combination: Mixing both methods to achieve a specific purpose.
  1. Last Words: The last word of a line, the last word of your poem, and the last line are vital because they resonate in the reader’s mind. Ending with or without punctuation can drastically alter the reading experience. To determine the emphasis, read the poem aloud.
  2. Imagery: Imagery is like painting pictures with words. It involves using detailed descriptions that appeal to the senses. More imagery in a poem helps readers connect with it better. Focus on specific, impactful details to create strong imagery.
  3. Sound: Poetry is not just about visual imagery; it’s also about how words sound when read aloud. Rhyming is one way to create sound effects, but avoid forcing rhymes. You can achieve sound effects through techniques like assonance, alliteration, or internal rhymes.
  4. Meaning: Every poem should have a deeper meaning. It’s a form of storytelling. Write about your own experiences, emotions, or ordinary things that everyone can relate to. Avoid clichés and cliché phrases. Your poem should convey something genuine and emotionally resonant.
  5. Set Goals: Determine what you want to achieve with your poem. Do you want to convey a particular emotion or message? Having clear goals will make your poem more impactful and memorable.
  6. Minimalism: Less is often more in poetry. Trim your poem down to its essential elements, ensuring that every word carries meaning and emotion.
  7. Refinement: The true beauty of poetry emerges during the revision process. Take your time to revise and refine your work. Avoid abstract words and focus on concrete imagery to convey your message.

By following these steps, you can create engaging and meaningful poetry that resonates with your readers.

Tips for Writing Poems

Writing your first poem may not result in perfection or even excellence, and that’s perfectly fine. By keeping a few key principles in mind as you embark on your poetic journey, you can increase the likelihood of creating a poem that you can be proud of.

  1. Infuse Emotion: The essence of great poetry lies in the emotions it evokes in the reader. Pour your feelings into your words.
  2. Steer Clear of Clichés: Avoid using overused expressions or phrases like “busy as a bee” that have lost their originality.
  3. Employ Vivid Imagery: Use concrete words that paint vivid pictures in the reader’s mind and engage their senses.
  4. Harness Similes and Metaphors: Similes compare two things using words like “like” or “as,” while metaphors create similar comparisons without the use of “like” or “as.”


Getting started with writing your first poem, whether it’s for a school assignment or personal expression, can be a straightforward process. The key is to begin writing.

Don’t worry about making it perfect, just focus on getting your thoughts and emotions down on paper. What will your first poem say? It’s a blank canvas waiting for your unique expression.


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