Cyber security can be carried out in many different ways. It doesn’t matter the way you go about it; the fact is that a breach of security is a breach of security. Now that we are talking about a breach of security, you may be wondering what cybersecurity is. In the next paragraph, we would be getting into details on what cybersecurity really is. Our objective in this article is to learn what cyber security really is and the threat it poses to the community as a whole.
What is cyber security? Cyber security simply means the practice of securing any computer, mobile device, server, electronic system, electronic files, data, and network from certain malicious attacks. In education terms, cybersecurity is known as information technology security or electronic information security.
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Categories of Cyber Security
The term cyber security applies to a variety of contexts that ranges from mobile computing to business. Thus, cyber security can be divided into a few common categories. What are these categories? (you may be wondering).
Cyber security can be divided into six major categories and here are they;
- Network Security.
- Application Security.
- Information Security.
- Operational Security.
- Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity.
- End-user Education.
These are the six major different categories of cyber security.
As the name implies, this is the practice of securing any computer network from network attacks from intruders. It doesn’t matter if it is a targeted attack or opportunistic malware. This kind of cyber security is mostly employed by big firms that work on the internet.
Application security is the type of cybersecurity that focuses on keeping the software and devices free from any threats. Without cybersecurity, a compromised application could give access to the date that it was designed t protect. Successful security well before the device is deployed, begins in the design stage.
Information security is the branch of cybersecurity that protects both the integrity and privacy of the data both in storage and in transit.
Operational security is the part of cybersecurity that includes the processes and decisions made when protecting and handling data assets. This includes the permissions that users have when accessing a network and the procedures that determine where the data may be stored.
Disaster Recovery and Business Continuity
This is the part of cybersecurity that defines how an organization responds to any cyber-security incident. It also includes how the organization responds to any other event that causes the loss of data or operations.
The disaster recovery policies dictate exactly how the organization restores its operations and information. This is all done for the company or organization to return to the same operating capacity before the event occurred. Business continuity is the plan the business falls back to during the process of disaster recovery.
The end-user education addresses most of the unpredictable cyber security factors. Anyone can accidentally introduce any virus to another wise secure system just by failing to follow the good security practices. This is where end-user education comes in.
Should People Be Aware of Cyber Threat?
The global scale of cyber threat is rapidly growing at a rising state. According to RiskBased Security, there has been a shocking record of 7.9 billion data breaches in just the first nine months of 2019. His is way more than double of the records exposed in this same period the previous year.
We are still yet to talk about the year 2020. Some of these sectors have become more appealing to cybercriminals as medical services, public entities, and retailers experienced tee breaches with malicious criminals responsible for most incidents.
With the continuous growth of cyber threats, the International Data Corporation has predicted that the whole world would be spending over 133.7 billion dollars on cyber-security solutions. Governments all over the world have responded to the rising cyber threat guidance to help implement the necessary and effective cyber-security practices.
Cyber security threats or cyber threats are malicious acts that seek to destroy, steal, or disrupt data or digital life in general. Also, Cyber threats include a huge number of threats like data breaches, computer viruses, and DoS (denial of service) attacks.
Types of Cyber Security Threats
There are three major types of cyber or security threats. These threats are;
These are the three major types of cybersecurity threats.
The Cybercrime involves single actors or groups targeting different systems for financial gain or seeking to cause disruption. Cybercrime can also be known as computer-oriented crime. This is the type of crime that involves computers and networks as you have figured out before now.
Cyber-attack is an attempt to expose, destroy, alter, disable, gain, or steal access to an unauthorized asset. Also, Cyber-attack involve the unauthorized use of an asset. Cyberattack is any kind of offensive maneuver that targets computer networks, infrastructures, and computer information systems.
Cyberterrorism is the use of the internet to conduct any violent act that results in loss of life, threaten, or significant bodily harm in order to achieve a political or ideological gain through threat or intimidation. Sometimes, it is considered as an act of internet terrorism.
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