What Is a Litigation Attorney

What is a litigation attorney? Litigation is one of the parts of the law industry. A litigation attorney is also known as a litigation lawyer. A litigation lawyer is one who defends people in civil lawsuits.

What Is a Litigation Attorney

You should know that the job of a litigation attorney differs from that of a criminal defense attorney and the reason for this is that litigation lawyers work with civil cases rather than criminal cases, and neither of the parties in question that are involved faces the penalty of jail time.

What Is a Litigation Attorney

A litigation attorney, also known as a trial attorney or litigator, is a lawyer who specializes in handling legal disputes and representing clients in court proceedings. Their primary focus is on resolving conflicts between parties through the legal system. Litigation attorneys can work in various areas of law, such as civil litigation, criminal defense, corporate litigation, intellectual property disputes, employment law cases, and more.

Key Aspects of the Job a Litigation Lawyer/Attorney

You already know what a litigation lawyer is. That said, here are the key aspects to the job of a litigation lawyer;

Client Representation

Litigation attorneys represent clients who are involved in legal disputes. These clients can be individuals, businesses, organizations, or even government entities.

Legal Research and Case Preparation

Litigators conduct extensive research on the relevant laws, regulations, and prior court rulings that apply to their clients’ cases. They gather evidence, interview witnesses, and prepare legal arguments to build a strong case.

Pleadings and Motions

Litigation attorneys draft legal documents, such as complaints, answers, motions, and briefs, to present their clients’ positions and arguments to the court.


During the discovery phase, litigators exchange information and evidence with the opposing party. This may involve interrogatories (written questions), requests for documents, depositions (witness interviews under oath), and other methods to gather relevant information.

Settlement Negotiation

Litigation attorneys often seek to resolve disputes through settlement negotiations before the case goes to trial. They negotiate with the opposing party to reach a mutually acceptable resolution.

Trial Representation

If a settlement is not reached or is not appropriate, the litigation attorney will represent their client in court during the trial. They present evidence, question witnesses, and make legal arguments to persuade the judge or jury in favor of their client’s position.


In case of an unfavorable outcome at trial, a litigation attorney may handle the appellate process and present arguments before a higher court to challenge the lower court’s decision.

Litigation is a complex and dynamic area of law that requires strong analytical, advocacy, and communication skills. Successful litigation attorneys must be able to adapt to various situations and advocate for their clients’ interests effectively.

Types of Cases a Litigation Attorney Handles

Litigation attorneys handle a wide range of cases across different areas of law. The types of cases they may handle can vary depending on their specialization and the nature of their practice. Here are some common types of cases that litigation attorneys may handle:

Civil Litigation

This includes a broad category of cases involving disputes between individuals, businesses, organizations, or government entities. Civil litigation can cover various issues, such as contract disputes, property disputes, personal injury claims, employment disputes, and more.

Commercial Litigation

Commercial litigation focuses on legal disputes related to business and commercial transactions. This can include breach of contract cases, partnership disputes, shareholder disputes, intellectual property infringement, and other business-related conflicts.

Criminal Defense

Litigation attorneys who practice criminal law defend individuals accused of committing crimes. They represent clients facing charges ranging from minor misdemeanors to serious felonies in criminal court.

Employment Law Cases

These cases deal with disputes between employers and employees. Litigation attorneys may handle issues like wrongful termination, discrimination, harassment, wage disputes, and violations of labor laws.

Real Estate Litigation

Real estate litigation involves disputes over property rights, land use, landlord-tenant disputes, construction defects, boundary disputes, and other matters related to real estate.

Family Law Cases

Litigation attorneys in family law handle cases related to divorce, child custody, child support, alimony, adoption, and other family-related legal matters.

Intellectual Property (IP) Litigation

IP litigation attorneys handle disputes related to patents, trademarks, copyrights, trade secrets, and other intellectual property rights.

Environmental Litigation

This area of law deals with legal issues related to environmental regulations, pollution, and other environmental concerns.

Medical Malpractice

Litigation attorneys representing clients in medical malpractice cases seek compensation for injuries caused by medical negligence or errors.

Product Liability

Litigators in this field handle cases involving defective products that cause harm to consumers, seeking compensation from manufacturers, distributors, or sellers.

Class Action Lawsuits

Litigation attorneys may represent a group of individuals with similar legal claims in class action lawsuits, which allow multiple plaintiffs to pursue their cases together.

Securities Litigation

This involves legal disputes related to securities and financial investments, such as fraud allegations or violations of securities laws.

These are just a few examples, and there are many other types of cases that litigation attorneys may handle. Some litigators may have a general practice, while others may specialize in specific areas of law to provide focused expertise to their clients.



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