What Do Attorneys Do

What do attorneys do? Attorneys as you should also know are known as lawyers or solicitors in other parts of the world. And the primary role of an attorney is to give advice and represent clients as well as their legal rights in both civil and criminal cases.

What Do Attorneys Do

The services rendered by them can vary from giving professional advice to even preparing documents and then appearing in court in a bid to plead on behalf of a client.

What Do Attorneys Do

Attorneys, also known as lawyers, are legal professionals who provide legal advice, represent clients in court, and handle various legal matters on their behalf. Their role and responsibilities can vary depending on their specialization and the area of law in which they practice. Here are some common tasks and responsibilities performed by attorneys:

Legal Advice

Attorneys offer legal guidance and advice to individuals, businesses, or organizations on a wide range of legal matters. They analyze the client’s situation, research relevant laws and regulations, and provide recommendations on the best course of action.

Client Representation

Attorneys represent clients in legal proceedings such as trials, hearings, and negotiations. They advocate for their client’s interests, present legal arguments, cross-examine witnesses, and work towards achieving a favorable outcome for their clients.

Document Drafting and Review

Attorneys prepare and review legal documents, including contracts, agreements, wills, trusts, and other legal instruments. They ensure that the documents accurately reflect the client’s intentions and comply with the applicable laws and regulations.

Legal Research

Attorneys conduct in-depth legal research to gather information, precedents, and relevant case law related to their client’s cases. This research helps them develop legal strategies, support their arguments, and stay updated on changes in the law.

Negotiations and Settlements

Attorneys negotiate on behalf of their clients to reach settlements or resolve legal disputes outside of court. They engage in discussions with opposing parties or their legal representatives to find mutually acceptable solutions and avoid litigation when possible.

Courtroom Representation

Attorneys present cases in court, whether in front of judges or juries. They prepare and deliver opening and closing statements, examine and cross-examine witnesses, and present evidence to support their clients’ positions.

Legal Counseling

Attorneys provide guidance and advice to clients on legal rights, obligations, and potential consequences of actions. They help clients understand the legal implications of their decisions and provide strategies for risk management and compliance.


Attorneys often specialize in specific areas of law, such as criminal law, civil litigation, corporate law, family law, intellectual property law, tax law, immigration law, and many others. Specialization allows attorneys to develop in-depth knowledge and expertise in a particular area.

It’s important to note that the specific tasks and responsibilities of attorneys can vary depending on the jurisdiction, the type of legal practice, and the nature of the case or legal matter they are handling.

How to Become an Attorney

Becoming an attorney typically involves several steps and educational requirements. Here’s a general overview of the process to become an attorney:

Obtain a Bachelor’s Degree

Complete a bachelor’s degree in any field of study from an accredited college or university. There is no specific undergraduate major required to enter law school, but courses in English, public speaking, government, history, economics, and critical thinking can be beneficial.

Take the Law School Admission Test (LSAT)

Register for and take the LSAT, which is a standardized test designed to assess critical thinking, analytical reasoning, and reading comprehension skills. Law schools use LSAT scores as a significant factor in the admission process.

Earn a Juris Doctor (J.D.) Degree

Apply to and complete a Juris Doctor (J.D.) program at a law school accredited by the American Bar Association (ABA). The J.D. program typically takes three years to complete, and it provides a comprehensive legal education.

Pass the Bar Exam

After graduating from law school, aspiring attorneys must pass the bar examination in the state or jurisdiction where they intend to practice law. The bar exam assesses knowledge of both general legal principles and specific laws of the jurisdiction.

Gain Professional Experience

Some jurisdictions require aspiring attorneys to gain practical experience through internships, clerkships, or other legal work before or after passing the bar exam. This may involve working in law firms, government agencies, public interest organizations, or corporate legal departments.

Obtain a Law License

After passing the bar exam and fulfilling any additional requirements, such as character and fitness evaluations, aspiring attorneys can apply for a law license from the state’s bar association. Once licensed, they can practice law in that jurisdiction.

Consider Specialization or Advanced Degrees

Attorneys may choose to pursue a specialization in a particular area of law by earning an advanced degree, such as a Master of Laws (LL.M.) or a Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). These degrees allow attorneys to gain expertise in a specific field and may enhance career opportunities.

It’s important to note that the specific requirements and procedures can vary between jurisdictions. It’s recommended to research and comply with the requirements of the jurisdiction where you plan to practice law. Additionally, maintaining good ethical conduct and fulfilling any continuing education or professional development requirements are essential throughout an attorney’s career.



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