The United States Environmental Protection Agency is commonly called the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). This is an independent agency (specifically an independent executive agency) of the United States federal government for the environmental protection of the nation.
United States Environmental Protection Agency
The United States Environmental Protection Agency was formed on the 2nd of December, 1970 although the establishment of the agency has first been proposed by President Richard Nixon on the 9th of July, 1970. It has its headquarters at the William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building, Washington, D.C., regional offices for each of the ten regions of the agency, and twenty-seven laboratories.
The agency is led by an administrator who is appointed by the president and approved by congress. The current administrator of the agency since 2018 is Andrew R. Wheeler, who was the former deputy administrator. Although the Environmental Protection Agency is not a cabinet department, the administrator is usually given a cabinet rank.
Functions of EPA
This agency’s mission is to protect human and environmental health. It is responsible for creating standards and laws promoting and protecting the health of individuals and the environment at large. It also works with industries and the government in a wide variety of voluntary pollution prevention programs and energy conversion efforts. These are some of the functions of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
- Environmental Licensing
- Enforcement of Environmental Law
- Environmental Planning, Education And Guidance
- Monitoring, Analyzing and Reporting on the Environment
- Regulating Ireland’s Greenhouse Gas Emissions
- Environmental Research Development
- Strategic Environmental Assessment
- Waste Management
- Radiological Protection
- Pollution Management
These are the major functions of the EPA. There are other functions but they are relatively under the major ones.
Organization of EPA
Like earlier mentioned, the EPA is led by an administrator. The organization of EPA shows the structure of the agency and all the offices running. They are as follows;
- Office of the Administrator (OA)
- Office of Administrative and Executive Services
- The Office of Children’s Health Protection
- Children’s Health Protection Advisory Committee
- Office of Civil Rights
- Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Relations
- The Office of the Executive Secretariat
- Office of Homeland Security
- Office of Policy
- The Office of Public Affairs
- Office of Public Engagement and Environmental Education
- Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
- Science Advisory Board
- Office of Air and Radiation (OAR)
- Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP)
- The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO)
- Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance (OECA)
- Office of General Counsel (OGC)
- The Office of Inspector General (OIG)
- Office of International and Tribal Affairs (OITA)
- Office of Mission Support (OMS)
- The Office of Research and Development (ORD)
- National Center for Computational Toxicology
- National Center for Environmental Assessment
- The National Center for Environmental Research
- National Exposure Research Laboratory
- National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory
- The National Homeland Security Research Center
- National Risk Management Research Laboratory
- Office of Land and Emergency Management (OLEM) which as of March 2017 consisted of:
- Office of Superfund Remediation and Technology Innovation
- The Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery
- The Office of Underground Storage Tanks
- Office of Brownfields and Land Revitalization
- Office of Emergency Management
- Federal Facilities Restoration and Reuse Office
- Office of Water (OW) which as of March 2017 consisted of:
- Office of Ground Water and Drinking Water (OGWDW)
- The Office of Science and Technology (OST)
- Office of Wastewater Management (OWM)
- Office of Wetlands, Oceans and Watersheds (OWOW)
EPA can boast of creating employment for the nation. This is because the agency has over fourteen thousand, one hundred and seventy-two (14 172) full-time employees. More than half of the employees are engineers, environmental specialists, and scientists. Other employees of the agency include legal, financial, public affairs, and information technologists.
Regions of EPA – EPA Regions Of The United States
The EPA has ten regions created in the country. These regions cover all the states in the country. Each region has a number of states it is responsible for. These regions’ creation was an initiative of President Richard Nixon. Every region is responsible for implementing the agency’s program within its states. The only programs that the agency’s regions do not implement are those programs that have been specifically delegated to states. The ten EPA regions and the states under them are;
- Region One: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont (New England).
- Region Two: New Jersey, New York, the US territories of Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
- Region Three: Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Columbia.
- Also, Region Four: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee.
- Region Five: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin.
- Region Six: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.
- The Region Seven: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska.
- Region Eight: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming.
- Region Nine: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Guam, American Samoa, and the Navajo Nation.
- And Region Ten: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington.
This is the placement of all the states in the country into the various regions.
Related Legislation of EPA
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has some principal implementation for some federal environmental laws. EPA has also contributed to implementing or providing assistance to other agencies over some additional laws.
The principal implementations of the EPA are over the following federal laws;
- Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act
- Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
- Safe Drinking Water Act
- Toxic Substances Control Act
- Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act
- Clean Air Act
- Clean Water Act
- Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act
- Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act
The additional laws where EPA contributes to its implementation are;
- Food Quality Protection Act
- National Environmental Policy Act
- Oil Pollution Act
- Pollution Prevention Act
- Endangered Species Act
- Energy Independence and Security Act
- Energy Policy Act
- Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act
These are only but some of the additional laws.
Programs of EPA
There are several programs that the United States Environmental Protection Agency runs in the country. These programs are intended to promote energy efficiency, sustainable growth, environmental stewardship, pollution prevention, and air and water quality. These programs include;
- Smart Growth Program
- EPA Safer Choice Program
- Energy Star Program
- Land Disposal Restrictions Program
- Brownfields Program
- oil spill prevention program
- Green Chemistry Program
- State Revolving Loan Fund Program
- Section 404 Program
- National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System
The programs of the agency are much more than these few mentioned.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency is committed to safeguarding the health and safety of the public and of the families of the entire EPA employees by taking responsible actions and measures to help prevent and contain the transmission of diseases or any health-threatening situation.