Causes Of Obesity And Ways To Prevent It

Here are the Causes Of Obesity And Ways To Prevent It. Obesity is a common health issue that is defined by having a high percentage of body fat that presents a risk to health. A body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher is an indicator of obesity.

Causes Of Obesity And Ways To Prevent It

BMI is defined as the body mass divided by the square of the body height, and it’s expressed in units of kg/m2, resulting from mass in kilograms and height in meters.

Causes Of Obesity And Ways To Prevent It

The balance between calories intake and energy expenditure determines the person’s weight. If a person eats too many calories the person gains weight (the body will store the excess energy as fat).

If a person eats fewer calories than he or she metabolizes, he or she will lose weight. Therefore the most common causes of obesity are physical inactivity, overeating, genetic,  A diet high in simple carbohydrates, social issues, diseases, psychological factors,


Overeating leads to weight gain, especially if the diet is high in fat. Foods high in fat or sugar have high energy density (sweets, fried food, sweetened juices, sodas, fatty and processed beef) they have  a lot of calories in a small quantity of food

Physical Inactivity

If u have a sedentary lifestyle, u can easily take in more calories every day than u burn through exercise. The National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)  showed a strong correlation between physical inactivity and weight gain in both sexes.


A person is likely to develop obesity if one or both parents are obese. Genetics also affect hormones involved in fat regulations

A High Diet In Simple Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates increase blood glucose levels, which in turn stimulate insulin release by the pancreas and insulin promotes the growth of fat tissue and can cause weight gain.

Social Issues

There is a link between social issues and obesity. Lack of money to purchase healthy foods or lack of a safe place to walk or exercise can increase the risk of obesity.


Diseases such as Cushing syndrome, insulin resistance, polycystic ovary syndrome are also contributors to obesity.

Psychological factors

many people eat excessively in response to emotions such as stress, sadness, boredom, or anger. While most overweight people have no more psychological disturbance than normal-weight people, about 30% of the people who seek treatment for serious weight problems have difficulties with binge eating.

The Health Risk Of Obesity

Obesity is not just a cosmetic consideration, it’s harmful to one’s health as it’s a risk factor for many conditions such as

  • Cancer: Obesity is a risk factor for a number of cancers.
  • High cholesterol
  • Congestive heart failure
  • High blood pressure
  • Stroke
  • Heart attack: the risk of developing coronary artery disease increased three to four times in women who had BMI greater than 29.

Prevention of obesity

  • Sleep
  • Exercise
  • Eat a variety of food
  • Choose a diet moderate in sugar
  • Choose a diet low in fat, saturated in fat, and cholesterol
  • Exercise regularly and avoid stress


You are what you eat, the kinds and amount of food you eat affect your ability to maintain your ideal weight and to lose weight. Keep fit and eat healthily. Further research can be done on Google.


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