What is the Eid-el-Kabir Celebration All About

Eid-el-Kabir, also known as Eid al-Adha, Sallah, or the Feast of Sacrifice, holds great importance in Islam and is celebrated by millions of Muslims worldwide. It commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as a symbol of his dedication to Allah.

What is the Eid-el-Kabir Celebration All About

What is the Eid-el-Kabir Celebration All About

A lot of people often ask “What is the Edi-el-Kabir celebration all about?” The event is rich in rituals, including prayers, feasting, and acts of charity, all of which are deeply rooted in Islamic tradition.

This article explores the history, meaning, and various customs associated with Eid-el-Kabir to provide a comprehensive understanding of this important celebration.

Historical Background

The origins of Eid-el-Kabir are deeply embedded in Islamic tradition. The festival is centred on the story of Prophet Ibrahim’s faith and obedience. Ibrahim experienced a profound dream in which Allah commanded him to sacrifice his son Isma’il (Ishmael).

This was a test of his faith and devotion. Despite the emotional turmoil, Ibrahim prepared to carry out Allah’s command. Just as Ibrahim was about to sacrifice Isma’il, Allah intervened and provided a ram to be sacrificed instead. This act is seen as a testament to Ibrahim’s unwavering faith and submission to Allah’s will.

This story, which is detailed in the Quran, is commemorated every year during Eid-el-Kabir, symbolizing the importance of obedience and faith in Allah.

Significance of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir is not just a time of celebration but also a period of deep spiritual reflection and community engagement:

Obedience and Submission

The story of Ibrahim and Isma’il highlights the significance of obedience and submission to Allah’s will. It serves as a powerful reminder for Muslims to maintain their faith even in challenging circumstances.

Faith and Trust

The festival underscores the importance of faith and trust in Allah’s plan. It encourages Muslims to reflect on their faith and their trust in divine guidance, reinforcing the need to believe in Allah’s wisdom.

Charity and Generosity

Eid-el-Kabir promotes the spirit of giving and sharing. The act of sacrificing an animal and distributing the meat to the needy is a symbolic representation of compassion and generosity, reminding Muslims to help those less fortunate.

Preparations for Eid-el-Kabir

Preparation for Eid-el-Kabir begins days, or even weeks, in advance, involving a variety of activities and rituals:

Cleaning and Decorating

Families thoroughly clean and decorate their homes in anticipation of the festival. This act of cleaning is symbolic of purification and readiness to welcome the blessings of Eid.

Shopping for New Clothes

It is traditional to buy new clothes for the celebration. Muslims often dress in their finest attire on Eid day, symbolizing renewal and respect for the occasion.

Selecting the Sacrificial Animal

One of the most significant preparations is purchasing the animal for sacrifice. This animal, often a goat, sheep, cow, or camel, is selected with care to ensure it meets Islamic requirements for sacrifice, such as being healthy and of a suitable age.

Activities on the Day of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir is marked by a series of important rituals and activities:

Morning Prayers

The day begins with a special congregational prayer called Salat al-Eid, performed in mosques or open fields. This prayer, which includes a sermon, is an opportunity for Muslims to seek blessings and forgiveness.

Sermon (Khutbah)

After the prayer, the Imam delivers a sermon focusing on the themes of sacrifice, faith, and obedience, drawing lessons from the story of Ibrahim. The khutbah also addresses current issues and guides on living according to Islamic principles.

The Sacrifice

The central ritual of Eid-el-Kabir is the Qurbani (sacrifice) of an animal. The meat is divided into three parts: one for the family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the poor and needy. This practice ensures that everyone, regardless of their financial situation, can partake in the joy of Eid.

Traditions and Customs of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir is celebrated with a variety of customs and traditions that vary by region:

Feasting and Meals

Families and friends gather to share festive meals, often featuring dishes made from sacrificial meat. Traditional foods vary by region but commonly include rich and flavorful dishes such as biryani, kebabs, and stews.

Visiting Loved Ones

Visiting relatives and friends is a common practice, reinforcing familial and social bonds. The exchange of gifts and sweets is also a part of the celebration, adding to the festive spirit.

Acts of Charity

Charitable acts are emphasized during Eid-el-Kabir. Muslims are encouraged to share their blessings with those in need, reflecting the festival’s spirit of compassion and generosity. In addition to the Qurbani meat, many Muslims donate money, clothes, and other necessities to charitable organizations and individuals.

Global Celebrations of Eid-el-Kabir 

Eid-el-Kabir is celebrated by Muslims across the globe, with each culture adding its unique touch to the festivities:

Middle East

In countries like Saudi Arabia, the UAE, and Egypt, Eid-el-Kabir is marked by grand feasts, family gatherings, and public celebrations. The streets and markets come alive as people prepare for the festival. In Saudi Arabia, millions of Muslims gather in Mecca for the Hajj pilgrimage, which culminates in the Eid-el-Kabir celebration.

South Asia

In Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh, the day is celebrated with prayers, feasts, and vibrant community events. Traditional dishes such as biryani and kebabs are popular. Community Qurbani, where multiple families pool resources to buy larger animals like cows and camels, is also common.


In Nigeria, Sudan, and other African nations, Eid-el-Kabir is a major public holiday. Communities come together for prayers, sacrifices, and communal meals, often accompanied by music and dance. In some regions, traditional drumming and dancing are integral parts of the celebration, highlighting the cultural diversity within the Islamic community.

Western Countries

Muslims in the West, including the United States, Canada, and Europe, celebrate Eid-el-Kabir with prayers in mosques, community gatherings, and sharing meals with family and friends. It is also an opportunity to educate others about Islamic traditions.

Many Muslim communities organize open houses and interfaith events to foster understanding and goodwill.

The Spiritual Aspect of Eid-el-Kabir

Eid-el-Kabir is not just a time for celebration; it also carries profound spiritual significance:

Reflection and Gratitude

The festival is a time for Muslims to reflect on their faith, express gratitude for their blessings, and seek forgiveness for their shortcomings. It encourages a moment of introspection and gratitude for Allah’s mercy and blessings.

Renewal of Faith

Eid-el-Kabir serves as a reminder of the importance of faith and trust in Allah. Muslims renew their commitment to their faith, striving to live according to Islamic principles. This renewal often involves increased devotion, such as additional prayers, Quran recitation, and acts of charity.

Community and Unity

The communal aspects of Eid-el-Kabir, such as congregational prayers and charitable acts, foster a sense of unity and solidarity among Muslims. This unity is a testament to the strength and resilience of the Muslim Ummah (community), transcending geographical and cultural boundaries.


Eid-el-Kabir is a festival rich in history, tradition, and spiritual significance. It is a time for Muslims around the world to come together in faith, obedience, and compassion. Through its rituals and customs, Eid-el-Kabir reinforces the core values of Islam, reminding believers of the importance of sacrifice, charity, and community.

By understanding the essence of this celebration, we can appreciate the depth of its meaning and the unity it fosters among Muslims globally. Whether you are celebrating or simply observing, Eid-el-Kabir offers a profound insight into the spirit of the Islamic faith and the enduring legacy of Prophet Ibrahim’s unwavering devotion to Allah.



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